Project Name: Distance Detector With a Buzzer and LED’s

Aim of the project:  How to make a distance detector using an Arduino, a HC-SRO4 Ultrasonic Sensor, a Buzzer, and some LED’s.

Component:

  1. Arduino Uno
  2. Breadboard Jumper
  3. HC-SRO4 Ultrasonic Sensor
  4. Buzzer
  5. Jumper wire
  6. LEDs

Circuit Diagram:

Code:

#define trigPin 7
#define echoPin 6
#define led 13
#define led2 12
#define led3 11
#define led4 10
#define led5 9
#define led6 8
#define buzzer 3

int sound = 250;


void setup() {
  Serial.begin (9600);
  pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);
  pinMode(led, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led3, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led4, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led5, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(led6, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(buzzer, OUTPUT);

}

void loop() {
  long duration, distance;
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW); 
  delayMicroseconds(2);
  digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(10);
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
  duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);
  distance = (duration/2) / 29.1;


  if (distance <= 30) {
    digitalWrite(led, HIGH);
    sound = 250;
}
  else {
    digitalWrite(led,LOW);
  }
  if (distance < 25) {
      digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
      sound = 260;
}
  else {
      digitalWrite(led2, LOW);
  }
  if (distance < 20) {
      digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
      sound = 270;
} 
  else {
    digitalWrite(led3, LOW);
  }
  if (distance < 15) {
    digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
    sound = 280;
}
  else {
    digitalWrite(led4,LOW);
  }
  if (distance < 10) {
    digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
    sound = 290;
}
  else {
    digitalWrite(led5,LOW);
  }
  if (distance < 5) {
    digitalWrite(led6, HIGH);
    sound = 300;
}
  else {
    digitalWrite(led6,LOW);
  }

  if (distance > 30 || distance <= 0){
    Serial.println("Out of range");
    noTone(buzzer);
  }
  else {
    Serial.print(distance);
    Serial.println(" cm");
    tone(buzzer, sound);

  }
  delay(500);
}

Runs Steps: